INEQUALITY IN THE WORK FORCE (PART TWO)

People who claim a wage gap doesn’t exist suggests that the reason behind the inequality is because women tend to leave their jobs at their prime when there are better chances of promotions and elevations to have children. A doctoral candidate, Jessica Looze in a study for University of Massachusetts Amherst found

women who return to the labor force after having children face a wage penalty of 4% per child that cannot be explained by other factors.

Another study conducted by Amanda Eisenberg for Employee Benefit News showed that,

By the time women return to work, the wage gap has grown from 90 cents to the man’s dollar to 82 cents in an eight-year period.

Employers’ negative stereotypes about women harm mothers’ job and salary increase because employees believe mothers have a tendency to be less committed to their jobs. Of course, when women do leave the workforce to have children, they pay a price for it. According to the report , approximately 10% of the wage gap is shown to come from the simple fact that women can get pregnant and have to take time off due to it. However, when women are able to balance working and having children they still for some reason are earn less.

Women now have more opportunities that were not obtainable in past decades but they must still overcome, or frequently overlook, the barrier known as the glass ceiling or be punished in the end for simply being a woman. Now some believe that inequality within the workforce in America today is better than what it used to be over 30 years ago. In fact, Eileen Patten reports for the Pew Research Center that,

…all groups of women have made progress in narrowing this wage gap since 1980, reflecting at least in part a significant increase in the education levels and workforce experience of women over time. 

But how can this be true if as Molly Redden claims in an article for The Guardian

Wage gap between white and black Americans is worse today than in 1979” and for women “…the wage gap (based on gender) went from 6% in 1979 to 19% in 2015.

This inconsistency means that there is something fundamentally wrong within the system as there are two very different opinions on this issue. What is causing this disparity in both statistics?

Women should be allowed to prove themselves in any job situation and should be given the same pay as men to advance their positions because where is not a problem with female achievement. Women have caught up with men in terms of education. In fact, in the United States and a number of other countries, women now actually surpass men in educational achievement. The Washington Post reported that

women earned 57.4 percent of all bachelor’s degrees(nationwide).

We have seen great strides in our society regarding women in the work place, Hilary Clinton and Oprah Winfrey are both women in position of power. I wish to be treated equally on all fronts when I start my career. Women deserve and have every right to equal compensation and the ability to be in the most powerful positions of companies.

Wage inequality that stems from gender discrimination is severely unjust and unacceptable. It is important to stress that the persistence of the gender pay gap cannot be explained by differences in skills, experience, education or location in the workforce. Employers need to acknowledge that there is no good reason for this disparity. Women need to stand up for themselves and demand better without being fearful of the consequences. Society needs to raise men to appreciate the value of women; to expect nothing but intelligence, heart, compassion and hard work coming from the female gender. Unless an employer can prove why women should be paid less, then the employer should pay everyone equally.

Works cited

Looze, Jessica. “The Effects of Children, Job Changes and Employment Interruptions on
Women’s Wages”. University of Massachusetts. Doctoral dissertation. 2015. Web. 12.
Nov. 2016.

Eisenberg, Amanda. “Women Miss Promotions for Maternity Leave: Study” Employee Benefit
News. SourceMedia.inc. 14. Nov. 2016. Web. 14 Nov. 2016

Boushey, Heather. et.al. “The Many Benefits of Paid Family and Medical Leave”. Center for
American Progress.  Center for American Progress. 2. Nov. 2012. Web. 20. Nov.

Patten, Eileen. “Racial, Gender Wage Gaps Persist in U.S. Despite Some Progress”. Pew
Research Center. Pewresearchcenter. 1 Jul. 2016. Web. 26. Oct. 2016

Redden, Molly. “Wage Gap between White and Black Americans Is Worse Today Than In 1979.
The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. 20 Sept. 2016. Web. 26 Oct.
2016.

Guo, Jeff. “Women Are Dominating Men at College. Blame sexism.” The Washington Post.
Washingtonpost.com. 11. Dec. 2014. Web. 12. Nov. 2016

 

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